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Failure Of Paris Climate Agreement

Kyoto Protocol, 2005. The Kyoto Protocol [PDF], adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005, was the first legally binding climate treaty. It called on industrialized countries to reduce emissions by an average of 5% from 1990 levels and set up a system to monitor countries` progress. But the treaty did not force developing countries, including the major CO2 emitters China and India, to take action. The United States signed the agreement in 1998, but never ratified it and then withdrew its signature. His view on the Paris agreement was that it was unfair to the United States, so countries like India and China were free to use fossil fuels while the United States had to reduce its carbon. What can also be very worrying and a real danger to the environment is the inclusion of vague elements and concepts such as sinks to absorb carbon into the atmosphere, so that the door remains open to geoengineering and other technological approaches. This belief in unlimited technological progress pushes us in the opposite direction of this agreement, especially when Co2 capture projects do not work or are halted due to inefficiency. It creates the illusion that we can continue to pollute the environment, because one day we will find solutions and delay concrete action.

This situation is doubly ill-advised if lower renewable energy costs cost less to switch to renewable and decentralized energy production. An August 2019 poll showed that 71% of American voters want the federal government to be able to do more to combat climate change. A similar majority believe that this will have a positive impact on the economy and employment. Before the Paris climate talks, President Obama`s negotiators wanted to make sure it would take time for the United States to come to terms with a change of direction. The international team of climate experts simulated the cost of global cooperation in a large number of scenarios. In the journal Nature Communications, they predicted that the planet could earn US$336-422 billion (US$270 to US$338 trillion) by 2100 if rapid action is taken to keep warming at 2C and 1.5c, respectively. In response to these early signs of climate destruction, some people have taken steps to counter the impending disaster. Ethiopia recently planted 350 million trees in a single day. Although the agreement was signed in December 2015, the treaty did not enter into force until November 4, 2016, 30 days after ratification by at least 55 countries representing 55% of global emissions. If countries strengthen their commitments and the United States takes over the treaty, some experts hope that the Paris agreement could reduce emissions fairly quickly. They say it is promising that dozens of countries have pledged to pursue net zero emissions in the coming decades and increase their use of renewable energy. The European Union, Japan and South Korea, for example, are working to be climate neutral by 2050, while China has pledged to meet this target by 2060.

The European Union has presented a common goal for its 28 Member States (UK, for now included). It has already adopted joint agreements on climate and renewable energy sources and has raised its targets, which will be updated next year in the Paris Agreement. The EU`s current target is to reduce emissions by at least 40% from 1990 to 2030 levels. It is currently on track for a 48% cut and has already voted in favour of a legal increase in the target to 55%. But that`s not enough either. Russia, southern Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia are also deemed “critically inadequate” by CAT, putting the world on a difficult path. Russia was one of the last countries to accede to the Paris Agreement and make a climate promise, as it has made little progress so far in its implementation.

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